Monday, October 20, 2014

Shipboard Modifications



Shipboard Modifications
While some spacefarers focus their energy on developing new armor or weapons for aetherships, the elves work at building shipboard environments that are more natural and thus better suited for long-distance travel.

Item Cost Weight
Animal pen 2 sp/5-foot square 5 tons of cargo space
Box Garden 1 gp/5-foot square 5 tons of cargo space
Pool 5 gp/5-foot square 5 tons of cargo space

Each of these additions to an aethership creates space that can be used for housing some kind of flora or fauna. Note that these prices don't include the cost of animals or plants with which they're stocked; refer to the Trade Goods table on page 140 of the core rulebook to find costs for them. Each five-foot square devoted to uses as an animal pen, garden or pool can hold one large creature, or twice as many of each size category smaller than that.


With these modifications, some captains have turned their vessels into floating menageries, traveling aetherspace in search of new specimens for adding to their collection, or carrying known specimens with which to populate new worlds.


Naturalist's Guidebook
Cost: 50 gp; Weight: 3 lbs.
This book is a collection of drawings and writings detailing the plant and animal life native to a given planet. It grants a +2 circumstance bonus to Survival and Knowledge: nature checks made on that world (and that world only).



“One thing I'll give the elves—it does smell better aboard their ships.”

-Lucinda, half-elf sorceress and pilot



Sunday, October 19, 2014

Hodgepodge

Today's post combines a number of elements. For one, here are links to sheets that can be used to track stats for a ship's crew. I'm including two because one is for seafaring vessels and the other is for spacefaring ships.

Sailing Ship Crew Sheet

Aethership Crew Sheet


There's also a bit about naming vessels.

What's in a Name?
After a party acquires a vessel, one of the first tasks is to give it a good name. To that end, there are plenty of options. Some ship owners like to name a vessel after an existing person, such as the Moon Maiden or the Lady Katherine. Others prefer to invoke a place name, for example the Mercurial Messenger, the Virtue of Venus or the Martian Marauder. Another option is to use an abstract principle, such as the Liberty or the Vengeance. Animals can make good namesakes, with examples such as the Skylark or the Dolphin.



Last is a short article about carrying animals aboard ships.



Animals Aboard Aetherships
An interesting element of travel aboard aetherships is carrying animals aboard them. Presented below are a few of the possibilities for these situations.

The Ship's Pet
Having one or more pets aboard an aethership can be good for the morale of the crew. What is more, ship's cats, along with certain types of dogs, can be useful for eliminating rats and other vermin that tend to gather aboard ships.

Service Creatures
Sometimes certain crews—especially the elves—carry wondrous creatures that perform various duties aboard the ship. Elves like to keep a few griffons aboard, especially for rescuing crew members who fall overboard, and some goblins are known to keep worgs for making hit-and-run attacks.

Living Cargo
Another common reason for animals to be aboard aetherships is if they're being transported as cargo. This can be preferable to hauling prepared meat—smoked or pickled, for example—because living animals don't spoil, and because they can be used to establish a population on colony worlds. It provides a challenge, however, because they take up more room, they can be messy and, in times of trouble, they can become downright dangerous. After all, should a ship be caught in battle, the animals could become panicked and thus stampede. Refer to the rules for the Handle Animal skill, along with the Bestiary entry for herd animals, to adjudicate such a situation.

“I tell ya, that wolf never had it better. She'd make the rounds of the ship, payin' a visit to all of the crew, and every one of 'em had a scrap of biscuit or a bit of meat for her. She got downright fat, she did.”
-Annelise, human ranger



Friday, October 17, 2014

Solar System Gazetteer

Here's a sample write-up for a typical (and familiar) solar system.

-Nate



Gazetteer of the Solar System
Presented below are stats for the planets of a typical solar system.

Mercury
Diameter: 3,031 miles
Gravity: 0.38 standard
Period of Rotation: 59 days
Period of Revolution: 88 days
Distance from Sun: 36 million miles
Temperature Range: -297° to 800°
Number of Moons: 0
Ring System?: No
Other Notable Features: The proximity of Mercury to the sun means that its sunward surface is extremely hot, while the night side is very cold. This means that it is possible to do some mining work in the edge between the two, but one must be highly mobile in doing so.
Venus
Diameter: 7,521 miles
Gravity: 0.9 standard
Period of Rotation: 243 days
Period of Revolution: 224 days
Distance from Sun: 67 million miles
Temperature Range: 896°
Number of Moons: 0
Ring System?: No
Other Notable Features: This planet has an acidic, hothouse atmosphere, making it even hotter than Mercury and on all sides of the world. Some alchemists believe it might be possible to harvest chemicals from the upper atmosphere, but haven't perfected a method yet.
Earth
Diameter: 7,926 miles
Gravity: 1.0 standard
Period of Rotation: 24 hours
Period of Revolution: 365 days
Distance from Sun: 93 million miles
Temperature Range: -60° to 120°
Number of Moons: 1
Ring System?: No
Other Notable Features: This planet is, of course, the gold standard when it comes to habitability. It has numerous highly-developed societies, and ones that now compete to exploit the resources of the many bodies to be found throughout the aether.
Earth's Moon
Diameter: 2,171 miles
Gravity: 0.17 standard
Period of Rotation: 29 days
Period of Revolution: 29 days
Distance from Sun: 93 million miles
Temperature Range: -29°
Number of Moons: 0
Ring System?: No
Other Notable Features: While it lacks much of an atmosphere, it is relatively warm by aetherial standards. As such, it is a favored location for experimentation with agricultural processes. There are rumors, though, of undead haunting some of the moon's dark corners.
Mars
Diameter: 4,222 miles
Gravity: 0.38 standard
Period of Rotation: 24 hours, 37 minutes
Period of Revolution: 687 days
Distance from Sun: 141,700,000 miles
Temperature Range: -81°
Number of Moons: 2
Ring System?: No
Other Notable Features: The surface of this world is covered by red-tinted desert, which lends Mars its distinctive appearance and thus its name. Long ago, astronomers on Earth saw what looked like canals on its surface, and the first aethernauts who arrived found that there was indeed the remains of a long-ruined civilization. What is more, tunnels lead beneath the world's surface into a veritable underdark. That underground world remains relatively unexplored, however.
Jupiter
Diameter: 88,846 miles
Gravity: 2.64 standard
Period of Rotation: 9 hours, 55 minutes
Period of Revolution: 11.86 years
Distance from Sun: 483,500,000 miles
Temperature Range: -202°
Number of Moons: 66
Ring System?: Yes
Other Notable Features: The most striking feature of this world is the giant red spot, a planet-sized storm that has been active for years and circles the world. Legends tell that this storm is inhabited by a powerful, angry spirit. Jupiter also boasts a narrow band of planetary rings, along with dozen of moons, with their own distinctive qualities, and ripe for exploration and development in their own right.
Saturn
Diameter: 74,900 miles
Gravity: 1.16 standard
Period of Rotation: 10 hours, 39 minutes
Period of Revolution: 29 years
Distance from Sun: 888,750,000 miles
Temperature Range: -202°
Number of Moons: 62
Ring System?: Yes
Other Notable Features: The broad system of rings is this planet's most notable feature, made of water ice and dust or rock. As such, it is a favorite place for harvesting ice for use on other worlds, not to mention a preferred destination for the up-and-coming tourist trade. It has nearly as many moons as Jupiter, too, promising plenty of opportunities in the future.
Uranus
Diameter: 31,763 miles
Gravity: 1.11 standard
Period of Rotation: 17 hours, 14 minutes
Period of Revolution: 84 years
Distance from Sun: 1,783,744,300 miles
Temperature Range: -238°
Number of Moons: 27
Ring System?: Yes
Other Notable Features: This is another gas giant (jovian planet), like Jupiter and Saturn. Its axis of rotation lies parallel to its planet of revolution, meaning that the planet rolls through the aether like a giant wheel. It is a cold world, but speculators believe that its ice may contain valuable alchemical compounds.
Neptune
Diameter: 30,779 miles
Gravity: 1.21 standard
Period of Rotation: 16 hours, 7 minutes
Period of Revolution: 164.8 years
Distance from Sun: 2,797,770,000 miles
Temperature Range: -328°
Number of Moons: 13
Ring System?: Yes
Other Notable Features: This planet is best known for is distinctive blue coloration. Its atmosphere is driven by powerful winds, and is very cold. In fact, it boasts a great dark spot, a massive and powerful storm similar to that found on Jupiter.
Pluto
Diameter: 1,430 miles
Gravity: 0.07 standard
Period of Rotation: 6 days, 9 hours
Period of Revolution: 248 years
Distance from Sun: 3,670,000,000 miles
Temperature Range: -378°
Number of Moons: 5
Ring System?: No
Other Notable Features: Some astronomers argue that this is actually a dwarf planet, similar to larger bodies in the asteroid belt and even some of the other planets' moons. It is little more than a cold rock drifting through the aether, but does boast a cache of supplies in case of interplanetary emergencies.

The Asteroid Belt
Given that hundreds of thousands of individual bodies make up this belt, it can't be detailed in the same way as the planets. The belt lies in a broad orbit between Mars and Jupiter. Each of these drifting space rocks can vary in size from ones that are similar to earth-bound boulders to those that are larger than the planet Pluto. Many of these are rich in minerals, making them a favorite target of space miners. Of course, ones that have been dug full of tunnels can also then become lairs for those creatures that live in the aether. In a similar manner, the asteroids' relatively small size also makes them the first candidates for terraforming, resulting in the first permanent outposts built by aetherial travelers.



Travel Times, Distance and Speed
Compared to planetside journeys, the distances covered when traveling between bodies in a solar system are incredibly long. After all, a voyage from the sun to the earth covers 93 million miles. To handle this, a space fantasy campaign divides movement into two different types.
Tactical speed is handled as per the rules presented in Ultimate Combat. Ships move and maneuver at their speeds in feet per round, while characters aboard them operate in the same manner.
Cruising speed, on the other hand, is much faster. In fact, cruising speed for ships uses the same number, but it is applied in thousands of miles per hour. Aetherships can only reach cruising speed when they are beyond the gravity influence of heavenly bodies—that is, outside of a planet's atmosphere, or at a similar distance from bodies such as asteroids or comets.


Using Earth as a Campaign Setting
GM's interested in using Earth and its solar system as the setting for a space fantasy campaign might want to check out the Kingdoms of Legend: World Guide from Interaction Point Games to find suggestions for that planet's cultures.



Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Worlds Building



For many homebrew fantasy RPG settings, the GM needs only to create one world. A space fantasy campaign, however, provides the opportunity to create many different ones. When doing so, the GM should keep in mind the following questions.

Heavenly Bodies
In the middle of every solar system is a primary star or stars. One is the most common number, serving as the most notable body in the heavens of the worlds of that system. It can happen, though, that a system is dominated by a binary pair, two suns that revolve around a common axis point. Such an occurrence affects the mythology and everyday language of the world in question. For example, the inhabitants of such planets talk about sunsrise and sunsset, or, more specifically, first sunrise, second sunrise, first sunset and second sunset. In the same way, having two twin sun gods is likely to change the traditional tales on such worlds.

There are two main types of planets. The most familiar to living beings are terrestrial worlds, relatively small and rocky planets that have a solid surface and, with enough of a gravitational pull, to maintain some kind of atmosphere. These, in turn, can have a variety of temperatures. Some are so cold as to be uninhabitable, while others just seem to be locked in a perpetual winter. Others are so hot as to be covered by world-spanning deserts, or even to be burnt-out rocks with no resources other than minerals for space mining. Few are the planets that fall into the sweet spot, those that are ideal for habitation by sentients and that can boast a wide variety of climates. The primary worlds of most campaign settings fall into this category, which means that other planets in their solar systems present other varieties of worlds.

Gas giants, otherwise known as jovian planets, are ones that lack a real surface. They may have a liquid or even a solid core deep in their thick atmospheres, but the air pressure at those levels is such that it can crush most objects. Even so, they sometimes have bands at certain altitudes that are inhabitable, although creating any kind of settlement is a distinct challenge. These bands can be home to a variety of exotic creatures, especially air elementals and other beings who possess the ability to fly without limitation. Additionally, these worlds are most likely to have rings, distinctive bands composed of ice, rocks and dust.

Moons add a lot to a world's mythology. As the bodies that are visible in the night sky, they provide a counterpoint to any notion of a sun god. The fact that they are terrestrial in nature means that they could possibly be inhabited; what is more, the civilizations that develop on them are heavily influenced by the fact that every day the experience earthrise. For most planets, the first extraterrestrial colonization that occurs happens on these satellites.

Asteroid belts usually result from bodies of matter created by the explosion of a primary body, but ones that fail to coalesce into a full-blown world. For the most part, these are little more than rocks drifting through space. Some of them are big enough to develop a spherical structure, and even to capture their own proto-moons. Bodies in the latter category are known as dwarf planets. Keep in mind that many dwarves consider that appellation to be terribly insulting.

The appearance of comets is always a notable event on any planet. These “dirty snowballs” pass through solar systems on wildly elliptical orbits, arriving once during a set number of years. Many planetary cultures consider them to be omens of important events, while those who've ventured into the aether recognize them as sources of valuable raw materials.

Distinctive Features
Having multiple bodies in a solar system gives the GM an opportunity to be creative when designing worlds. For example, one might be shrouded in a sea of ice that is rent by powerful geysers, while another drifts in the midsts of a gas giant's rings—this is known as a shepherd moon—and is pummeled continuously by meteors. A planet's rate of rotation (spinning on its own axis) could equal its rate of revolution (orbiting around its primary star), meaning that one side is eternally cooked by sunlight, while the other is shrouded in perpetual darkness. Each of these provides an opportunity to present new flora and fauna, cultures, plot hooks and other opportunities for adventure.


Further Inspiration
GM's seeking inspiration for a space fantasy campaign can look to the following sources.
  • The entire body of material for 2nd Edition AD&D's Spelljammer campaign setting, including boxed sets, adventures, supplements, novels and comics, is the inspiration for this work.
  • The Spelljammer: Shadow of the Spider Moon supplement from Polyhedron magazine, for use with D&D 3rd Edition, adpated many elements from Spelljammer, and details a complete solar system.
  • Distant Worlds is a supplement that details the other worlds of Golarion's solar system for that Pathfinder setting.
  • Disney's film Treasure Planet captures much of the feel of this setting, and has pirates, a map and lost treasure.
  • Shakespeare's play The Tempest, which has nautical elements, was adapted into a science fiction film as Forbidden Planet. It also influenced the movie Serenity.
  • Although it's identified as “Children's Fiction,” the novel Larklight takes place in an aetherial setting during the Victorian era.



Tuesday, October 14, 2014

Ships of the Sea

After taking some time to become accustomed with Pathfinder's vehicle rules, I've created stats for four types of vessels--the dhow, junk, merchantman and galleon--using old deck plans, and based off of the stats for the bark (sailing ship). I hope they can be of use.

-Nate

Ships of the Sea PDF


Sunday, October 12, 2014

New Feats and Combat Rules

Continuing with the space fantasy material, here are some new feats and combat rules.

-Nate


New Feats
These feats are ones that seem appropriate for a space fantasy campaign. As always, the GM should determine which one are allowed for players to select.

Artillerist
You are an experienced artillery commander, familiar with the use of ballistae, catapults and other such siege weapons.
Prerequsite: Base attack bonus +1.
Benefit: You receive a +2 familiarity bonus to checks made when firing siege engines.
Normal: Siege weapons are fired by making a check using a character's base attack bonus, Intelligence bonus or penalty, range modifier and other relevant modifiers.

Force of Personality
This character has such a strong personality that she becomes more resistant to magic and other mental influences.
Benefit: The hero applies her Charisma modifier rather than her Wisdom modifier to her Will save.

Heirloom
You begin play possessing an item that has been passed down through your family from generation to generation, one that is unusual in its value or potency.
Benefit: You begin play with a minor wondrous item or a magical item of equivalent value, as determined by you and the GM.

Herbalist
You know how to use local plants as medicinal applications, making your treatments more effective.
Prerequsite: Heal 1 rank; Knowledge: nature 1 rank.
Benefit: You can make a Knowledge: nature check (DC 10) to aid your own Heal check, providing a +2 circumstance bonus if you succeed.
Normal: Characters cannot make Aid Another efforts to help themselves.
Special: This check suffers a -5 circumstance penalty if you are located on a world that you have not previously visited.

Improved Zero-Gee Combatant
You are so accustomed to fighting in the absence of gravity that you perform better than other characters in that situation.
Prerequsite: Base attack bonus +1, Zero-Gee Combatant.
Benefit: You gain a +2 circumstance bonus to attack rolls when fighting in zero gravity.
Normal: Characters who fight in the absence of gravity suffer a -2 circumstance penalty due to the unusual nature of it. Those who have the Zero-Gee Combatant feat do not suffer this penalty, but do not gain a bonus either.

Mental Acumen
This character is so intelligent that he has built up unusual defenses against influences that would affect his mind.
Benefit: The hero applies his Intelligence modifier rather than his Wisdom modifier to his Will save.


Spacefarer
Either you were born on an aethership, or you have taken to space travel as if you had been. Whatever the case, the challenges of aetherial travel are less of a challenge for you.
Prerequsite: Profession: sailor 1 rank; Knowledge: geography 1 rank.
Benefit: You receive a +2 bonus to Knowledge: geography and Profession: sailor checks made in regard to handling aetherships.

Spiritual Determination
Stubborn is one way to describe this character. When she decides on a course of action, it becomes physically more difficult to force her to do otherwise.
Benefit: This hero applies her Wisdom modifier rather than her Constitution modifier to her Fortitude saves.

Unusual Aptitude
Now and again a character possesses some sort of talent that seems completely out-of-the-ordinary for his profession or background. A man of the church might be a highly skilled gambler, for instance, or an enforcer might be particularly knowledgeably about Renaissance art.
Benefit: The hero may choose one skill that immediately becomes a class skill for him.
Special: This feat can be selected multiple times. Each time it is selected, it allows an additional class skill to be acquired.

Unusual Approach
There are also times when a character can perform a particular task in an extraordinary manner.
Benefit: The hero may designate a new ability modifier that is applied when using a particular skill, selected from the list below.
Special: This feat can be selected multiple times. Each time it is selected, it allows another skill to be affected.

Old and New Modifiers for Skills
Acrobatics—Dexterity can be replaced by Strength.
Climb—Strength can be replaced by Dexterity
Craft (visual arts)—Intelligence can be replaced by Wisdom
Craft (writing)—Intelligence can be replaced by Wisdom
Diplomacy—Charisma can be replaced by Wisdom
Handle Animal—Charisma can be replaced by Wisdom
Heal—Wisdom can be replaced by Intelligence
Intimidate—Charisma can be replaced by Strength
Knowledge (religion)—Intelligence can be replaced by Wisdom
Perception—Wisdom can be replaced by Intelligence
Perform (dance)—Charisma can be replaced by Dexterity
Ride—Dexterity can be replaced by Strength

Zero-Gee Combatant
You are accustomed to fighting in the absence of gravity.
Prerequsite: Base attack bonus +1.
Benefit: You do not suffer the normal -2 penalty when fighting in zero gravity.
Normal: Characters who fight in the absence of gravity suffer a -2 circumstance penalty due to the unusual nature of it.



New Combat Rules
For the most part, combat between aetherships—along with combat between characters aboard them, or elsewhere in space—functions in the same manner as the rules presented in the Pathfinder core rulebook and Ultimate Combat. There are some exceptions, however.

Air Envelopes
The magical effect that provides breathable air and warmth to aetherships has a limited range. It extends forward and aft, to port and starboard, above and below, to a distance of half the vessel's overall length. For example, the air envelope on the Skylark (detailed above) extends for ninety feet beyond the ship's hull in all directions.

Damage to Aetherships
In combat, damage caused to aetherships can have two notably different effects.
Should the sails and rigging be destroyed, the vessel loses all propulsion. What is more, the air in its envelope begins to turn foul, at a rate determined by the size of the aethership and the size of the crew. The air remains fresh for a number of minutes equal to the vessel's total number of hit points divided by the number of crew members. For example, the Skylark, with 900 hp and 20 crew members, has an air envelope that lasts for 45 minutes after the sails and rigging are destroyed. As far as calculation is concerned, small characters count as half a crew member, large ones count as two, huge ones as four, etc. Refer to page 445 of the core rulebook for the effects of suffocation.

In the event that an aethership's hull is destroyed, it loses its artificial gravity. Additionally, the air aboard it slowly turns cold. Refer to page 442 of the core rulebook for the effects of freezing. Due to the frigid nature of the void, the effects of cold begin to set in immediately after a solar vessel's hull is destroyed.

Falling Overboard
Characters who become separated from their aetherships have a small amount of time in which to rectify the situation before they suffer the effects of suffocation and cold. They drift away from the ship at a rate equal to one sixth the vessel's speed in feet per round. For example, a character who falls overboard from the Skylark while it is traveling at 180 feet per round drifts away at a speed of 30 feet per round; this means that the other crew members have three rounds in which to save that character before cold and suffocation begin to take their toll.

Zero Gravity
When characters find themselves in the absence of gravity, it is disorienting and weird. For that reason, zero-gravity situations inflict a -2 circumstance penalty on attack rolls, Reflex saves and combat maneuver checks. Characters can overcome this penalty by taking the Zero-Gee Combatant feat.

On the other hand, being in the absence of gravity increases the distance that characters can jump—vertically or horizontally—tenfold.

“Sure. Standing on the ground of a world, it's easy to look up at the stars and dream about traveling among them. It could even seem romantic. But if you've ever been out in the black, with your aethership's rigging shot to pieces and the air starting to turn cold, you'll see that the romance rubs off of it right quick.”
-Maximillian, halfling rogue and lookout



Saturday, October 11, 2014

New Equipment

Detailed here are relatively mundane (to space travelers, at least) equipment items for use in space fantasy campaigns.



Weapons and Ammunition
No sooner did the gnomes travel into the aether than they started devising ways to salvage wrecked ships. At first they developed projectiles connected to grappling lines, allowing them snag and retrieve wreckage from difficult locations like asteroid belts. Then they experimented with using alchemical substances such as tanglefoot bags. That, in turn, let to prototypes using alchemist's fire, creating a potent but possibly dangerous new ammunition.

Ammunition Cost Weight Type Special
Grappling crossbow bolt, light 12 gp 10 lbs. B Can snag appropriate targets; trip
Grappling crossbow bolt, heavy 12 gp 10 lbs. B Can snag appropriate targets; trip
Grappling ballista bolt 30 gp 15 lbs. B Can snag appropriate targets; trip
Entangling crossbow bolt, light 52 gp 5 lbs. B Can adhere to targets; trip
Entangling crossbow bolt, heavy 52 gp 5 lbs. B Can adhere to targets; trip
Entangling ballista bolt 155 gp 15 lbs. B Can adhere to targets; trip
Incendiary crossbow bolt, light 21 gp 1½ lbs. B Causes fire damage; can set on fire
Incendiary crossbow bolt, heavy 21 gp 1½ lbs. B Causes fire damage; can set on fire
Incendiary ballista bolt 65 gp 1½ lbs. B Causes fire damage; can set on fire

Ammunition
Grappling ammunition combines a ballista or crossbow bolt with a grappling and a line of silk rope. If fired close enough to appropriate targets (that is, ones with surfaces that the hooks can snag), it allows users to pull them back to the ship. If used against unwilling targets, they cause half normal damage but can be used to make trip attacks.

Entangling ammunition works in a similar manner, except that the sticky substance contained in the tanglefoot bag attached to the end lets it adhere to just about anything. If used against unwilling targets, the projectile does half normal damage, and targets are allowed a Reflex save just like with ordinary tanglefoot bags.

Incendiary ammunition includes a hollow ceramic head with alchemist's fire. For that reason, they cause half normal damage, plus an extra 1d6 fire damage, or 3d6 for ballista bolts. Targets continue to suffer damage unless they make a Reflex check to extinguish themselves. In the case of inanimate objects such as ships, this can be a potent weapon, indeed. The volatile nature of the alchemist's fire means that these weapons have a misfire rating of 1, however. (Refer to Ultimate Combat to find more information about misfiring weapons.)

Fire Aboard Aetherships
One of the most frightening events aboard an aethership is a fire. This is because fire can spread quickly, possibly damaging the hull, rigging and sails—and thereby leaving a vessel dead in space. The damage caused by incendiary missiles, or by spell effects like fireball, continue to cause 3d6 damage to the vessel per round until extinguished. Putting out the fire requires dowsing it with water; each bucket applied can be treated as doing 1d6 damage, opposed to the largest amount of damage that the fire has caused in a single round.

Ship Armor
It should come as no surprise that dwarves were the first spacefarers to think of attaching metal plates to the outsides of their aetherships. After all, they usually have access to plenty of meteoroid iron ore. What is more, knowing that ships in space don't need to worry about floating on water, they had no reason not do so.

 In game terms, adding plate armor to a ship increases the hit point total for its hull by 33%, and increases its hardness by 5. This costs an amount equal to one quarter of the original price for the solar vessel. For example, putting armor on the Skylark, detailed above, would cost 25,000 gp, and raise its hit point total to 1200 and its hardness to 10.




Other Equipment
These items, while perhaps not as exciting as weapons and armor, are still very important for safely navigating the spaceways.

Item Cost Weight
Orrery, ordinary 500 gp 20 lbs.
Orrery, clockwork 2000 gp 200 lbs.
Spyglass, mounted 2000 gp 10 lbs.
Star charts 50 gp 1 lb.

Other Equipment
Orreries are devices that depict the movements of the bodies in a solar system. They usually place the primary star in the center of the device, and then have armatures that depict the various planets and moons. In this way, it is possible to represent the relative positions of these bodies, and thus to plot accurate routes between them.

Clockwork orreries are bigger, fancier version of ordinary ones. Whereas those must be moved by the user based on planets' rate of revolution, the clockwork version has an elaborate mechanism that keeps the armatures moving as appropriate to their relative speeds.

A mounted spyglass is simply a larger, more powerful version of the kind normally used by ships' captains. It is usually placed atop the ship's sterncastle or, if it has one, the forecastle. This item magnifies viewed objects to ten times their normal size, reducing penalties to Perception checks based on distance to -1 per 100 feet.

Star charts, much like captains' logbooks onplanet, are valuable resources, with notes about the planets and other bodies in a system, the stars and constellations that serve as reference points for steering a vessel, and other such details. Typical ones cover the basic information needed for navigation, but captains always add details as they explore. Note that a given set of charts is only useful in a particular solar system.

Provisions
A crucial factor to consider when making voyages through the aether is providing enough food and drink for the ship's crew. Per the Pathfinder core rulebook, most characters require a gallon of water or other fluids, along with a pound of food, each day in order to remain healthy. Multiple these figures by the total number of crew members, and the estimated length of a give voyage, and this becomes a large amount of cargo. While some players and GM's may not wish to worry about these details—especially if the PC's are low-ranking members of a ship's crew—they can add a sense of realism and even tension to adventures if they should start to run low.

Refer to pages 444-5 of the Pathfinder core rulebook to find rules for when starvation and thirst begin to affect a crew.